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Vidya Foundation Cochin

An educational charity to help poor students who are in need of support and motivation

GD & Interview

GD TIPS

GD TOPICS 1

GD Topics on Economy

GD Topics 2

Self Evaluation for Interview

GD Tips

GD and football game have lot of similarities. In a football game you have to play like a team, passing the ball to each team member and aim for a common goal. GD is also based on teamwork, incorporating views of different team members to reach a common goal. Following are some of the useful  tips for GD success.

  1. At the outset itself exhibit that you are polite and civilized. Wish and address people with a Mr. / Ms.
  2. Be as natural as possible. Do not try and be someone you are not. Be yourself.
  3. When the topic is announced prepare a plan and jot down points what you intend to speak.
  4. Don’t start speaking until you have clearly understood and analyzed the subject.
  5. You must speak clearly looking at every one . You voice should be well heard by all participants especially the evaluators.
  6. Take time to organize your thoughts. Think of what you are going to say.
  7. Seek clarification if you have any doubts regarding the subject.
  8. Work out various strategies to help you make an entry: initiate the discussion or agree with someone else’s point and then move onto express your views.
  9. Opening the discussion is not the only way of gaining attention and recognition. If you do not give valuable insights during the discussion, all your efforts of initiating the discussion will be in vain.
  10. Your body language says a lot about you – your gestures and mannerisms are more likely to reflect your attitude than what you say.
  11. Language skills are important only to the effect as to how you get your points across clearly and fluently.
  12. Be assertive not dominating; try to maintain a balanced tone in your discussion and analysis.
  13. Don’t lose your cool if anyone says anything you object to. The key is to stay objective: Don’t take the discussion personally.
  14. Always be polite: Try to avoid using extreme phrases like: `I strongly object’ or `I disagree’. Instead try phrases like: `I would like to share my views on…’ or `One difference between your point and mine…
  15. Brush up on your leadership skills; motivate the other members of the team to speak (this surely does not mean that the only thing that you do in the GD is to make others speak.) and listen to their views. Be receptive to others’ opinions and do not be abrasive or aggressive.
  16. Always exhibit your alertness and presence of mind, problem-solving abilities, ability to work as a team without alienating certain members, and creativity.

 GD TOPICS 1

  1.  Introduction of job reservation in private sector.
  2. Has United Nation outlived its utility?
  3. Should states claim exclusive right to rivers flowing through them?
  4. Is presidential form of govt. a better option for India?
  5. Why Kerala is industrially backward?
  6. Influence of media on westernization
  7. Is Liquor prohibition is advisable?
  8. Proactive judiciary is advisable for democracy
  9. Coalition form of Governments
  10. Man or woman who can be a better manager?
  11. Is India is a secular state only on paper?
  12. Should there be capital punishment for rape?
  13. Women empowerment in India, myth or reality?
  14. Ethical issues of  cloning.
  15. Is interlinking of rivers in India a sound idea?
  16.  Influence of media on child behavior
  17.  Man or woman who is a better administrator

 

 

GD Topics on Economy

  1. How the stock market works
  2. Gold becoming costly is good for India
  3. Should we curtail FDI in Retail
  4. Rupee becoming weaker against US Dollar can be adverse to India
  5. Private banking is it advisable?
  6. Derivatives trading
  7. 2 G scam is inevitable
  8. The role of technology in business
  9. The pros and cons of globalization
  10. Political events, opinions and situations
  11. India’s case for a permanent seat on the security council of UN
  12. The present situation in Middle Eastern countries such as Iraq, Palestine and Lebanon
  13. The India-US Nuclear deal – is it beneficial or not?
  14. The Sri Lankan Peace Process
  15. India’s 5-Year Plan Is it redundant?
  16. Mulleperiar is Central intervention necessary?
  17. Lokpal – Is it essential ?

Some more GD Topics-
(which may be  distributed among friends for preparation.)

1.    Is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in retail sector good for India?

2.     How to Deal with High Oil Prices?

3.     Multinational Corporations: Are they Devils in Disguise?

4.    Are Indians Less Quality Conscious?

5.     Ethics in Business are just a Passing Fad Is the Consumer really the King in India?
6.     Commercialization of Health Care: Good or Bad?
7.     Is there any Point in having a Business Strategy when the World changes from Month to Month?

8.    Public Sector being a Guarantor of Job Security is a Myth

9.    Capitalism is a very Flawed System but the others are so much worse

10.    Government Pumping Money into the Economy by subsidies is not the Solution for our Economic Problems

11.     Is the Budgeting Exercise of any Use?

12.    Should Agricultural Subsidies be stopped?

13.    Is MNCs Superior to Indian Companies?

14.    Advertising is a Waste of Resources Privatization will lead to Less Corruption
15.    Should India break Diplomatic Ties with Pakistan?

16.    Use of Force by Banks to Recover Loans

17.    Every cloud has a silver lining Is disinvestment really that good for India or is a rethink in order?

18.    Reforms have to grow up.

19.     Who says MNCs are superior to Indian companies?

20.    What we need to reduce scams is better regulatory bodies.

21.    Water resources should be nationalised Are Co-operatives Relevant in Today’s Global Environment?

22.     Indian villages – our strength or our weakness?

23.    Space Missions are a Wastage of Resources for a Resource-Starved Nation like India

24.    Private Participation in Infrastructure is Highly Desirable

25.    Indian Economy: Old Wine in New Bottle! Is Globalization Really Necessary? What shall we do about our Ever-Increasing Population?

26.    Banning of Trade Unions will be Beneficial in Growth of the Economy

27.    Why can’t India be a World-Class Player in Manufacturing Industry as it is in IT & BPO Sectors?

See the following section for collection of some points in GDs on FDI in retail

FDI in retail is a good move by the central government which have been facing criticism for a long time for its policy paralysis. It has got both pros and cons.

Pros:
1. More employment: FDI can ensure upto 10 million job opportunities which will be like ‘manna from heaven’ for the Indian educated youth.

2. Support for farmers: As the implementation of FDI is expected to wipe out the middle men the benefit will go to farmers. They will get better price for their products.

3. Modernization of storage facilities: The present storage facilities of food grains and vegetables are grossly inadequate for preserving the agricultural output. FDI giants can provide better technology which can reduce the wastage of farm output to a remarkable level.
4. Economic Growth: FDI will enrich foreign exchange reserve of India.
5. Satisfied Consumer: Foreign companies ensure quality products and quality services over domestic players making the consumers happy.
Cons:1. Wiping out of small marginal retailers: influx of FDI will definitely hamper the interests of small domestic retailers. Even though it will take a long time span as FDI is allowed to penetrate slowly.
2. Profit for foreigners: Nobody will invest without vested interests same for FDI. Foreign companies like Walmart will make it sure that they are getting enough profits from Indian markets.
3. Might lead to monopoly: In a long run this decision might make foreign company a stronghold and decision maker in Indian market causing trouble for consumers, farmers and government.

So if we are looking for fast solution for the economic problems of our country then we can go for FDI, or else we want a stable economy in the long run better go for importing foreign technology and integrate it with organised domestic retail industry which will serve the interests of every section of people.
If we say FDI is good in India. It will create good employment, Technology, less corruption, I totally agree with this points, but still before coming to the conclusion that its good, we should compare the impact of pros with the cons FDI having.

If in this comparison pros gets and upper hand over cons. The it will surely beneficial to all and people will be ready to accept this benefits with few cons.

Also want to make one more point, some time back one of my friend from that corner said that it will be beneficial to farmers as middle man will be avoided, but considering overall population 70 % of population of India stays in villages, and since if middle man get avoided, it will be beneficial to 70 % of population but at the same time, what if farmer is not able to produce crop of good quality due to natural calamity. Which the utmost requirement of MNC’s, it will simply ignore those farmers, which is definitely no one from us expect.

So thinking on this two critical points, and valuing all of your opinions, I would like to conclude this discussion with the statement that FDI is good for India, inevitably with some negative things which can be filtered out partially or fully if we insert proper control process at the required level, having government stakes into the FDI.
Now a days FDI is very interesting topic for GD. I would like to stick that FDI in retail is very important. Because it will creates opportunities, bring foreign currency for India. Which is definitely used in different sector in this way it will provide jobs. Above most of the friends told that it will make impact on middle class family, business and farmers. I don’t think so because this is compulsory for the investor to buy 30% of domestic product. I can give the example of Pepsi co in West Bengal where farmers get Rs 3 for selling 1 kg Potato in domestic market but now Pepsi co is giving Rs. 7 for 1 kg. I respect most of the statement.

I would like to say that store will be open where the population is 1 million. So, it is not going to effect domestic market also. In India where the storage system is not good due to this most of the food grains become spoiled. FDI is not only means to calling foreign investor. It helps some extent like it will reduce corruption, It will increase the competition by this way manufacturer will give quality. India is able to produce more than 400 b food grains but only 145 b food grains are sufficient due lack of storage capacity we are loosing rest. So, we can easily sell to the outer country.
Question should be is FDI in multi brand retail is good for India?

In my opinion, organized retail is the better solution than FDI in India and Govt should look for organizing the retail business not just sanctioning FDI in multi brand retail. Question comes why?
See kurien model for Amul.
Indian co-operative, total organized, profit making, every supplier and contributor (skilled, unskilled) have stake in the co-operative and for them infrastructure building had never been hurdle because of the utilization of the appropriate technology. Now India is enjoying the 1st rank in world milk production along with being self-sufficient.
Why not FDI:.
Any company be walmart or any other brand has policy implications from the Indian govt side, they need to make investment in backlink infrastructure, which is supposed to add values to farmer product by reducing the product wastage etc, but walamrt is serving in USA since decades and agri product wastage is the same as India. The concept of market hold comes in picture and also walmart is not an NGo, if they invest in infra they will count for multiple times.

What these infra would do?

Parle-agro, SUNHARA (collabration of bharti and walmart) are already there in Indian market. They put obligation on farmers to produce in compliance and if crop dies or they fail to meet target then heavy penalty on the farmers, even if policy really works out (which is not expected because if policy will favour farmer then walmart won’t come in the market) then these guys will start adding value to the product.

Example: parle agro is purchasing potato at 30rs/kg, obviously a boon for farmer but what for a common man. The bottom 80% of Indian people, will they ever purchase potato of rs 40-50per kg, answer is no. Then what happens. We see kurkure, lays and bingo products in market.

And again as mentioned by one of my friend over here. The china market case. Indian consumers would also not prefer to go to walmart as they prefer relationship in any transaction (kind of nepotism) so they will prefer corner shop (debit, monthly bills etc) and walmart etc would be limited in metro cities only.

Conclusion: organized retail will do far better than just FDI implementation but as govt can not go for organized retail through out the country so co-operatives need to come and if FDI comes in picture then have an effective policy to balance retail market chaos and irregulation. Which will come as unemployment and inflation.

As some friends have mentioned here the ISF data for employment generation, but we should know that un-organized retail and farming has more unskilled labour. Walmart would employ graduates (mostly unemployed in India). I think I have mentioned the inflation thing above.

How it is beneficial.

1. Foreign money will come:- If FDI comes in India then money from foreign countries will come and it will be very beneficial for economy of the country.

2. Good for farmers:- in India there is broker system so farmers are not getting the money which they should get for their products. So if FDI comes then they will directly take products from farmers and because of that they will get enough money.

3. Technology will come in :- If FDI comes then huge player like wall mart will also come into the country. So the technology they use for their work will also come and it will help our country players in the market.

4. Customers will be in profit:- if FDI comes into the picture then competition will increase so consumers will get better products and less price with better services so customers will be in profit.

5. Employment and job opportunities will increase :- If foreign players will come then obviously employment will also increase.

6. Good for countries growth :- it will very good for countries growth because money and technologies will come in country.

7. Wastage will be less :- In India a product wastage cost is almost 45 to 50 percent. So if foreign players come then competition will increase so market players have to think about cost. Then they will do something to make wastage less.

No, it is not at all beneficial to our country. The reason are as follows:

1} Talking about farmer, they say it will help in getting him good price, a farmer in India has small land holdings, less than one acre per size, & his crop pattern is the not same throughout the year as also the quality which vary per season, the company which will come have very high standard of quality they will buy only the best from the farmer. Suppose a farmer has good quality in one season, MNC will buy it but about second crop which is not good enough for the quality parameters of MNC, they will simply bot buy. Where will farmer go to sell his crop? middle men will not take it since his better crop was sold to MNC & giving him cheap will not work. So a farmer is in losing position, driving him to do suicide.

2} A farmer always has a lot of debt in his head, and middle men always help when his crop fail or if it not up to the mark desired, he will ensure he will buy the product to bail him out & help him in growing another crop. MNC won’t do that they simply will forget him when his crop is not up to the mark.

3} Why do consumer need these MNC? doesn’t people in Mumbai get Himachal apple which are of best quality in nature. Grapes from nashik goes all the way up to Kashmir. Doesn’t our chain is efficiently working.

4} How much money people will save by MNC super chain coming. Probably 1% of whole income per month. Better utilize your head to earn more income rather than bargaining for cheap deals which will not help much.

5} The middle men ensure the right product reaches the right palace. For eg in Mumbai. You won’t get a fruit which is sold in colaba (high end market) in virar which help in efficient marketing. & the middle men ensures the the crop which comes in a single lot in a single season reaches the right palace.
Yes I agree with FDI in retail sector in INDIA.

1. I think that the intermediate will reduced definitely so that Indian farmer can supply raw material in the market.

2. More stores will open in INDIA then it will generates more employment for young generation (skilled and unskilled).

3. Indian farmer get good price much better than local Indian market.

4. Proper utilization of raw material.

5. Less chances of corruption.

6. Good service provided to customers.

7. Black money can not covered under the taxes.

8. Proper system will formed.

9. Touch with world.

10. Aware with new foreign technology.

________________________________________

Yes, friends I accept that when FDI starts here I will create some employment even though I try to to think it in a different manner that when FDI starts it will create some financial problems in Indian economy. More over if these companies established as joint sector it will minimize its ill effects.
FDI in retail is a very thoughtful step by Indian Government. Its been always said that in India problem is not about policies or plans, but their implementation. FDI in retail can be a ban or boon, depending on its implementation. Government has come up with a lot of measures to protect the interest of nation with FDI in retail. But it looks like giving precaution and sending to infected area. (involvement of Wall Mart in some financial fraud is just an example) There is a need to understand the requirement and perfect solution, not the easy one.

FDI in retail promises to solve a lot of issues ranging from unemployment to less wastage but there are better and secure ways to do it. Indian Policy makers are always have inclined to remedies instead of permanent medication, which has resulted in failure of some of the world’s best policies. So this issue is really require a more thorough analysis and some alternative solutions can be provided like:.

1. Making unorganized Indian retail sector more organized;.

2. Instead of giving MNC’s a chance, Indian private players can be encouraged to improve their existing functionality.

3. More infrastructure development on root level.

Although these solution look simple but if applied properly can provide desired result.

The FDI should not be allowed. It is only the temporary solution for the unemployment and warehouses. Because the investment by the foreign company dominates OUR MARKET, it leads to monopoly which is very very unfavorable condition to our India. And also we know that today investments are tomorrow’s profit to become a developed country in 2020 we have to accept some inflation today and let our economy grow. To solve this warehouse problem we may go for another choice i.e tie up with foreign companies so that in short or long we can make our own technology too. And also definitely it affect the SSI and farmers. Because 75% of economic rise was done by SSI alone in our country.

 

When you get ready for your placement interview please ask these questions to yourself:

  1. How is your analytical skill?
  2. How is your English skill?
  3. How is your communications skill?
  4. Are you a team player?
  5. How is your Commercial Knowledge?
  6. What is your level of knowledge about contemporary developments in politics, Govt, Economy, Banking, Law and Order, Sports, Entertainment etc.?
  7. Are you able to think out of box?
  8. What are your special talents and achievements?
  9. What is special about yourself?
  10. Why the Company should select you from the crowd around you…?

 

Try to answer these questions … and find out where you are and start working   with a focus in areas where you lag….

All the best.. There is no substitute /short cut for hard work.